by Ray Tomes

Harmonics Theory: Speed of Light, Part 4

This new blog series from FSC Science Director Ray Tomes will share the fundamentals of physics in layman's terms, showing how present theory must inevitably lead to all waves losing energy and forming harmonically related waves. The end result is a very specific detailed structure that matches the observed universe and explains many previously mysterious observations. This series was previously published.

Speed of Light

In general relativity, the speed of light is considered constant, but the amount of space in a region may be different from what one expects, somewhat in the manner of Dr. Who's telephone box with more space on the inside than there really ought to be. However, as mentioned earlier, this same explanation is not used for the refraction of light in glass, where it is quite happily admitted that the speed of light varies rather than saying that the glass is bigger on the inside than the outside.

It is possible to rephrase general relativity so that space is euclidean and the velocity of light varies. Such an approach is much easier on the mind as humans seem to be almost preprogrammed with the concepts of euclidean space.

When the wave equation was discussed comparisons were made to guitars and drums. In general, wave equations have the property that something is distorted and then "tries" to return to its original shape and in the process overshoots and ends up vibrating for a period. Clearly the possibilities in three dimensional space are much greater than in a one dimensional guitar string or two dimensional drum.

Even in these lesser dimensions, if the plucking or beating is very hard then that action may actually tighten the string or membrane, resulting in more tension and a slightly faster wave velocity. Such action will cause an instrument to be slightly higher in note although as the vibration dies down it will return to normal. Understanding that matter is very concentrated electromagnetic energy and that massive objects have great gravity, it is reasonable to also expect the presence of such "things" will cause a change in light velocity consistent with the alternative interpretation of general relativity and the behaviour of light in matter.

This variation of light wave speed with changes in the tension of the electromagnetic medium due to high concentrations of energy is the non-linearity that was mentioned and concludes the preparations for understanding a whole series of behaviours of the universe that were not previously realised.

Actually it is not necessary for physicists to change their view as suggested above in order to understand what follows, but it does make things easier on the mind. It is accepted that Einstein's general relativity does make Maxwell's equations into a non-linear system. That is sufficient.